Once you have one (or more) useful article on a topic, use the references at the end of article to find more sources on your topic using our Citation Search tool. This helps you see what was written previous to your current article, often called citing backward.
Use Google Scholar to see who has cited your article after it was published. This helps you see what has been written after your article was published, citing forward.
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License by Justina Elmore, University of Rochester.
Specific: Too much territory to cover? Be sure your scope isn’t so broad or so vague that you can’t answer your research question. Can you break a larger task down into smaller items?
Measurable: Establish clear definitions to help you measure (both qualitative and quantitative) if you are reaching your goal.
Action-Oriented: What is your plan of attack? Using action verbs, describe your goals and outline specific steps you will take to accomplish your goal.
Realistic: What are some possible obstacles to this research? Set goals that you will actually be able to accomplish.
Time-Bound: You only have a certain amount of time to complete your research, so plan accordingly. Decide when you will start and finish your project.