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FWS 121 Not In My Neighborhood: The Creation of a Segregated America

Hierarchy of Journals

Reading strategies for vetting sources for close reading

Scholarship As Conversation


               

Citation Tracking: Finding articles by citation

Once you have one (or more) useful article on a topic, use the references at the end of article to find more sources on your topic using our Citation Search tool.  This helps you see what was written previous to your current article, often called citing backward.

 

Use Google Scholar to see who has cited your article after it was published.  This helps you see what has been written after your article was published, citing forward.


 


 


 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License by Justina Elmore, University of Rochester

Finding Grey literature & Open Web Resources - Advanced Searching Tips

Hierarchy of grey literature denoting the varying degrees of information control and known expertise of the author.

The open web provides a plethora of resources for finding information about and from governmental and non-govermental organizations working to address issues surrounding your topic of research as well as grey literature.

What is grey literature?
Information published by entities whose main purpose is NOT publishing (government and non-government organizations, think tanks, scholarly societies and associations, etc​. Watch this video for more info.)

Why is grey literature important?
A large amount of public policy information is published as grey literature. 

Image source: Kamei, F. et al., (2020) under a CC BY 4.0 license         

Identifying Source Types Exercise
Directions: Examine the following sources and determine which is a peer reviewed article and which is grey literature.

Using advance Google searching to locate grey literature

Below are a few advanced Google searching tips for find grey literature:  

  1. Try using Google Advanced Search
  2. Include search terms like report OR analysis OR summary OR overview OR data
  3. Google ignores the word AND as a search operator. But, typing OR in all caps will find similar or related terms [e.g. "racial segregation" OR "modern segregation" OR "concentrated poverty"].
  4. Search for a particular document type [e.g. denver (hispanic OR latino) population filetype:xls].
  5. Search at particular site [e.g. site:.rochester.edu OR site:cityofrochester.gov OR site:census.gov OR pewresearch.org].
  6. Search a particular domain [e.g.  site:.gov OR  site:.org  OR site:.uk  See a full list of country code domains].
  7. Exclude words by using the "-" sign in front of the word you wish to exclude [e.g. denver (hispanic OR latino) -migrants].