Wikipedia has three core content standards that all entries must follow. As you work on updating an entry, keep these standards in mind:
Neutral Point of View (NPOV) Editors should "write the things that almost everyone agrees about, and make them the main point of the article." Wikipedia is not a platform to advance agendas or debate an argument; it is a source for the world to use for background information on a topic or idea. According to Wikipedia, "Instead of essay-like, argumentative, or opinionated writing, Wikipedia articles should have a straightforward, just-the-facts style. The goal of a Wikipedia article is to create a comprehensive and neutrally written summary of existing mainstream knowledge about a topic." (More info)
Verifiability (V) Editors should include information that can be easily verified by other sources outside Wikipedia. It is important that you rely on pre-existing research to back-up your claims and cite your sources! (More info)
No Original Research (NOR) Wikipedia is not a platform to publish new arguments, theories, or ideas. It is important that the content you add is based on reliable, secondary sources. The phrase "secondary source" is used in a more humanistic sense in this case to refer to sources that "make analytic, synthetic, interpretive, explanatory, or evaluative claims"...as opposed to primary sources which are documents and items created at the time an event occurred. According to Wikipedia's guidelines, scholarly journal articles and published research studies are secondary sources and are appropriate to cite in an entry. (More info)
Wikipedia sandboxes are a great way to work on editing an article without making direct edits to a live entry. While your sandbox is considered your own personal space on Wikipedia's website, anyone that knows your username can access your sandbox's contents so you should avoid including personal information or any other information that you wouldn't want to be made public for all time (information on Wikipedia is not easily removed...it remains in an entry's version history).
All users are given a default sandbox to work in, but you can also create sandboxes for specific projects. Creating a project-specific sandbox is an effective way to retain a record of your contributions to an entry and manage multiple editing projects at the same time. To create a sandbox for your CHM 275 project, follow these directions:
Step 1: Log into your Wikipedia account: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:UserLogin
Step 2: Click the "Sandbox" link at the top-right of the screen this is your default sandbox for all projects.
Step 3: Go to the URL for your sandbox, add /your_course_number (e.g. chm275) to the end of the URL and hit enter this will be the URL for your project-specific sandbox (e.g. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Colalibrarian/sandbox/chm275)
Note: Wikipedia URLs are case sensitive be sure to write your course number in all lowercase letters.
Step 4: Click "Start the User:YOUR_USERNAME/sandbox/chm275 page" to create your sandbox.
Note: Custom project sandboxes are not automatically tracked on Wikipedia so make sure you bookmark the page in your browser to easily return to the content...if you don't have a record of the link, you won't be able to return to the page.
The easiest way to edit an existing article is to copy the content of the existing article into your sandbox; then, you can work on editing each section without accidentally overwriting the live site. Follow the steps using the links below to copy and edit existing content in your sandbox:
Step 1: Go to the entry you would like to edit and click "Edit Source" near the top-right of the page
Step 2: If you do not see the source code for the article, click the pencil icon (near the top-right) to switch from "e;Visual Editing" mode to "Source Editing" mode.
Step 3: Copy all of the source code and paste it into your sandbox. Scroll to the bottom of your sandbox, enter an "Edit Summary" (e.g. Copied content of Sarin article into my sandbox) and click "Publish Changes."
The easiest way to edit a Wikipedia entry is to edit individual sections this method is easier to manage since you will only see the source code for a specific section and you cannot mistakenly edit other parts of the entry.
Step 1: Go to the section you would like to edit and click "Edit source" to the write of the section heading
Step 2: Make any necessary changes to the section and then click "Show Preview" near the bottom of the screen to check your changes.
Step 3: Add a brief edit summary and then click "Save Changes" to apply those changes to your sandbox or the live entry.
There are two types of links on Wikipedia internal links and external links.
Internal links, also known as wikilinks, point to other Wikipedia entries or content. When you are looking at an article and you see a word displayed in blue, that's a wikilink. The purpose of wikilinks is to help users quickly connect with related articles and provide context around the terms used in an entry. If you see a link displayed in red, that means that a Wikipedia entry matching that term does not exist.
External links point to websites outside of Wikipedia. These links are also displayed in blue, but are followed by a symbol to let you know that the link points to a non-Wikipedia source. Wikipedia encourages you to limit the use of external links except when a site contains "meaningful, relevant content that is not suitable for inclusion in an article". Additional guidelines on using external links can be found here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:External_links.
Wikipedia requires that you use images that are part of the Wikimedia Commons. You can search the Wikimedia Commons for images uploaded by other users or upload an image of your own. To incorporate an image into your Wikipedia entry choose one of the following options:
Step 1: Search the Wikimedia Commons for an image you can incorporate into your Wikipedia entry
Step 2: Click on an image you want to use and then click "Use this file"
Sample Code for Inline Image
[[File:Sarin Structural Formulae V.1.svg|Sarin Structural Formulae V.1]]
Sample Code for Thumbnail Image
[[File:Sarin Structural Formulae V.1.svg|thumb|Sarin Structural Formulae V.1]]
Step 1: Use the Wikimedia Upload Wizard to upload a file to Wikimedia Commons follow the step-by-step directions in the Upload Wizard
Step 2: You will be asked to provide a description and categories for your image. To find appropriate categories, check out the categories assigned to related images. For chemical compounds the category is typically the name of the compound (e.g. Sarin).
Step 3: At the end of the Upload Wizard you will see a code snippet for embedded images and thumbnail images. Copy the appropriate line of code and paste it into your Wikipedia entry.
Wikipedia has a built-in citation feature that makes it relatively easy to add citations to your entry. If you are creating a new entry, or editing an existing entry without a references list, you will also need to add a reference list directions for both of these processes are below:
Wikipedia has a built-in citation feature which makes it easy to add references for books, articles, and websites. For a complete list of citation templates, go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_templates.
Step 1: Place your cursor where you would like the in-text citation to appear. From the "Source Editing" window, click "Cite" to choose a citation template. Built-in templates are available for books, news stories, journal articles, and websites.
Step 2: Fill out as many citation fields as you can. If you know the PubMed ID or DOI for an article, you can put that number in the corresponding box and click the magnifying glass icon this will autommatically fill-in many of the fields for you.
Step 3: Assign your citation a name using the "Ref Name" field. This will allow you to quickly insert the same citation later in the entry if needed. A good format for a citation name is often the first author's last name followed by the year of publication (e.g. smith2019). Click "Insert" to insert your completed citation into your entry.
Step 3: To use the same citation again, click the "Named References" button and choose your named citation from the list. This will insert an abbreviated form of your original citation.
If you are working with an existing Wikipedia entry, it will likely already have a reference list in place. If not (or if you are creating a new entry, you need to add a references section at the bottom of the entry.
Step 1: Go to the last section of your entry and click "Edit Section" to get started. At the bottom of the section add the following heading and shortcut token to automatically generate your refernces list:
Here are a few criteria for determining if your source is scholarly:
Author(s) credentials - are they experts working or teaching in this field of study?
Length - is it a few brief paragraphs or a longer, more substantive article?
Language - is it written for other scholars in the field? Do they used specialized or technical language specific to this field of study?
References - is the author(s) citing other scholars in this field of study? Do they have a robust reference list?
Journal or Book Type - If it's a journal article, what kind of journal is the article is published in? Is it a scholarly journal, or even peer reviewed? If it’s a book, is it published by a university press or other well-respected commercial publisher known for publishing scholarly works?