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Open Scholarship

Open Education

         "Open Education encompasses resources, tools and practices that are free of legal, financial and technical barriers and can be fully used, shared and adapted in the digital environment."  SPARC (2017).

Learn more: 

Open Education (SPARC)


Research in Open Education

Open Educational Resources (OER)

OER Definition

OER Global Logo by Jonathas MelloImage credits: OER Global Logo by Jonathas Mello.          "OER (Open Educational Resources) are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OER include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge."  SPARC (2017).


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​The 5 Rs of OER

  • Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)​

  • Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)​

  • Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)​

  • Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)​

  • Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)​

This material is based on original writing by David Wiley, which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at


OER Repositories, Directories and Referratories


Other Open Access Books Directories


Rubrics to Evaluate OER


RCL Librarians Recommendation for OER Evaluation

Important aspects to focus on when evaluating an OER:

  • Relevance
  • Accessibility
  • Licensing
  • Accuracy
  • User experience

Open Pedagogy

"Open pedagogy is that set of teaching and learning practices only possible in the context of the free access and 4R permissions [reuse, revise, remix, redistribute] characteristic of open educational resources". David Wiley (2013).

What is Open Pedagogy? - David Wiley, Iterating Toward Openness.

April Open Perspective: What is Open Pedagogy? - Year of Open 2017.

Just released! Open Pedagogy Approaches: Faculty, Library, and Student Collaborations
is the product of a UR collaboration and has benefited from contributors across the U.S. and Canada, all serving different roles in higher education. This exciting collection of case studies--an open educational resource (OER) in its own right--offers a diverse compilation of OER and
open pedagogy (OP) projects grounded in faculty, library, and student collaborations.
Open Pedagogy Approaches provides
ideas, practical tips, and inspiration for educators
willing to explore the power of open, whether that involves a small innovation or a large-scale initiative.


Book cover for Open Pedagogy Approaches