Social groups develop and live according to their own notions of what is either an “adequate food” or a “good taste” (qtd in Becuţ & Puerto 2017 2).Becuţ, Anda Georgiana, and Kàtia Lurbe i Puerto. "Introduction. Food history and identity: Food and eating practices as elements of cultural heritage, identity and social creativity." International Review of Social Research 7, no. 1 (2017): 1-4.
Primary sources are documents or physical objects created at the time historical events occurred or well after events in the form of memoirs and oral histories. Examples include:
Secondary sources interpret and analyze primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. Examples include: Textbooks, journal articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, and encyclopedias.
Interrogating a Primary Source:
Who created the item and what is their historical significance? Was it a professional chef or a home cook? What can be gleaned about their social status?
Who was the intended audience and what inferences can be drawn about them?
Where was it created and when?
Where does the source fit into the chronology of the period being studied?
What key names, dates and events can be gleaned from the item?
What attitude towards the subject matter/event does the creator of the item seem to impart? (e.g. What tone is set? Are there interesting word choices and what might the author's choice in their use mean? Why was it created and what purpose did it originally serve? What biases may inherently or intentionally exist in it?).
What questions do you have that requires further research?
Exercise 1: (pairs) Each of you take about 5 minutes to examine one of the items, interrogating it with some of the questions for interrogating a primary source in the “Object Analysis" Box. Record your answers at https://tinyurl.com/primarysources-exercise1. Then take 5 minutes to share/compare what you find with your partner.
Exercise 2: (groups of 4 or 5) Consult with each person in the group to examine all of your items as a set to answer the guiding questions below. Record your answers at https://tinyurl.com/primarysources-exercise2.